Invokana 100 mg is a medicine that is usually used for treating type 2 diabetes when a diet and exercise program is not enough. It works by increasing the removal of sugar by your kidneys, which helps to decrease blood glucose. Moreover, controlling proper diabetes helps to prevent serious complications including blindness, nerve damage, kidney problems, heart attack, stroke, and others. The active ingredient of this medicine is Canagliflozin. Nonetheless, it also contains other inactive ingredients such as magnesium stearate, talc polyvinyl alcohol, iron oxides, lactose anhydrous, croscarmellose sodium, and others. Invokana 100 mg belongs to a group of medications called sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors.
The manufacturer of Invokana 100 mg is Johnson & Johnson Pvt. Ltd.
How to Administer Invokana 100 mg?
Take the tablet whole by mouth with a glass full of water. Avoid other beverages such as alcohol because your risk of side effects may increase. While swallowing, it is not recommended to crush, break, or chew the tablet. It is not advised to use Invokana 100 mg more often than your doctor prescribes because you may experience unwanted results. However, your doctor may increase the dosage for several weeks if you do not notice the desired result. Administer the tablet at the same time every day, to get a better effect from this medicine. To decrease the risk of stomach upset or nausea, you should take the pill with milk or light food.
In case you are using the liquid form of Canagliflozin, a special measuring cup is advised. Otherwise, you may get the wrong dose, which may also increase the risk of negative effects. In addition, if your medical condition does not improve or if it worsens, talk to a doctor immediately.
The dosages are based on the severity of the medical condition, your age, your response to treatment, and other medications that you may be using. Thereby, physicians prescribe different dosages for their patients. However, if you are not sure what dosage is better for you, discuss it with a doctor. In addition, keep taking Invokana 100 mg even if you feel well because if you stop the treatment suddenly, symptoms may return.
- Invokana 100 mg
In any case, it is not recommended to miss a dose because symptoms may return and your condition becomes difficult to treat. However, if it is time for the next dose, simply skip the missed dose and continue the treatment. Do not double the dosage the next time trying to catch up because it may increase the risk of side effects.
In rare cases, if you are taking more tablets than your doctor prescribes, you may notice an overdose. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, stop taking Canagliflozin and consult a doctor at once. Examples include irregular heartbeat, breathing problems, fainting, severe dizziness, and others. Talk to a doctor for more details.
Adverse Effects of Invokana 100 mg
If you are on treatment with this medicine, you may notice some side effects. Furthermore, you may not experience any of the following adverse effects if your body adjusts to Canagliflozin. There are some factors that can cause side effects such as overdose, allergy, and dehydration.
Common Adverse Effects
Usually, this category of adverse effects is not dangerous for the patients and they can continue administering Invokana 100 mg safely. Check some examples below:
- Dryness in the mouth
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
Severe Adverse Effects
This category of negative effects may occur in rare cases. Therefore, if you are noticing any of the following adverse reactions, you should stop using Invokana 100 mg and get medical help right away. Your physician may be able to help you to prevent or avoid side effects. Check below some examples:
- Urinary tract infection
- Genital fungal infection
- Painful urination
- Change in the amount of urine
- Severe abdominal or stomach pain
- Breathing problems
- Extreme tiredness
- Persistent vomiting
- Irregular or slow heartbeat
This article does not contain a complete list of negative effects. That’s why, you should consult a doctor right away if you are experiencing any of the adverse reactions listed above or any other effects.
Canagliflozin may interact with certain drugs and substances and reduce the effectiveness of Invokana 100 mg or even increase the risk of side effects. Thus, you should inform your healthcare professional about all products that you are using before taking Canagliflozin. Examples include prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, supplements, vitamins, herbal products, and others. Check some examples of drug interaction below:
- Erectile dysfunction drugs (such as Avanafil, Vardenafil, Tadalafil, and others)
This medication may also interact with some diseases. For example:
- Hypotension (low blood pressure)
- Liver and renal dysfunction
This document does not contain a complete list of disease and drug interactions. That’s why it is important to consult a doctor before taking Invokana 100 mg. Moreover, you should not start, stop, or change the dosages without the doctor’s recommendation because you may experience undesired results.
Inform your doctor about your medical history before using Invokana 100 mg. For example:
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Heart disease (such as recent myocardial infarction, heart failure, and others)
- Bleeding problems
- Yeast infections
- Mineral imbalance (such as high or low levels of potassium in the blood)
- Abuse of alcohol or street drugs
- Severe dehydration
- Kidney disease (such as kidney stones)
- Liver problems (such as cirrhosis)
During treatment, you may experience sleepiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. Therefore, it is advised to limit or avoid alcoholic beverages while you are on treatment with Invokana 100 mg because these effects may increase. Moreover, you should not drive or operate machinery if you are on treatment with Canagliflozin because it may be harmful to you.
Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or want to become pregnant because this medicine may harm your unborn baby. Discuss with a physician before breastfeeding because it is not known if Canagliflozin passes into breast milk.